# Online courses directory (90)

Use the power of algebra to understand and interpret points and lines (something we typically do in geometry). This will include slope and the equation of a line. Descartes and Cartesian Coordinates. The Coordinate Plane. Plot ordered pairs. Graphing points exercise. Graphing points. Quadrants of Coordinate Plane. Graphing points and naming quadrants exercise. Graphing points and naming quadrants. Points on the coordinate plane. Points on the coordinate plane. Coordinate plane word problems exercise. Coordinate plane word problems. Reflecting points exercise. Reflecting points. Ordered pair solutions of equations. Ordered Pair Solutions of Equations 2. Determining a linear equation by trying out values from a table. Equations from tables. Plotting (x,y) relationships. Graphs of Linear Equations. Application problem with graph. Ordered pair solutions to linear equations. Interpreting Linear Graphs. Exploring linear relationships. Recognizing Linear Functions. Interpreting linear relationships. Graphing lines 1. Recognizing Linear Functions. Linear and nonlinear functions (example 1). Linear and nonlinear functions (example 2). Linear and nonlinear functions (example 3). Linear and nonlinear functions. Graphing using X and Y intercepts. Graphing Using Intercepts. X and Y intercepts. X and Y intercepts 2. Solving for the x-intercept. Finding x intercept of a line. Finding intercepts for a linear function from a table. Linear function intercepts. Interpreting intercepts of linear functions. Interpreting and finding intercepts of linear functions. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex1. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex2. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex3. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships. Comparing proportional relationships. Constructing an equation for a proportional relationship. Constructing and comparing proportional relationships. Graphing proportional relationships example. Graphing proportional relationships example 2. Graphing proportional relationships example 3. Graphing proportional relationships. Comparing rates. Representing and comparing rates. Rates and proportional relationships. Rate problem with fractions 1. Unit cost with fractions 1. Rate problems 1. Slope of a line. Slope of a Line 2. Slope and Rate of Change. Graphical Slope of a Line. Slope of a Line 3. Slope Example. Hairier Slope of Line. Identifying slope of a line. Slope and Y-intercept Intuition. Line graph intuition. Algebra: Slope. Algebra: Slope 2. Algebra: Slope 3. Graphing a line in slope intercept form. Converting to slope-intercept form. Graphing linear equations. Fitting a Line to Data. Comparing linear functions 1. Comparing linear functions 2. Comparing linear functions 3. Comparing linear functions. Interpreting features of linear functions example. Interpreting features of linear functions example 2. Interpreting features of linear functions. Comparing linear functions applications 1. Comparing linear functions applications 2. Comparing linear functions applications 3. Comparing linear functions applications. Constructing a linear function word problem. Constructing and interpreting a linear function. Constructing linear graphs. Constructing and interpreting linear functions. Multiple examples of constructing linear equations in slope-intercept form. Constructing equations in slope-intercept form from graphs. Constructing linear equations to solve word problems. Linear equation from slope and a point. Finding a linear equation given a point and slope. Equation of a line from fractional slope and point. Constructing the equation of a line given two points. Finding y intercept given slope and point. Solving for the y-intercept. Slope intercept form from table. Slope intercept form. Idea behind point slope form. Linear Equations in Point Slope Form. Point slope form. Linear Equations in Standard Form. Point-slope and standard form. Converting between slope-intercept and standard form. Converting from point slope to slope intercept form. Converting between point-slope and slope-intercept. Finding the equation of a line. Midpoint formula. Midpoint formula. The Pythagorean theorem intro. Pythagorean theorem. Distance Formula. Distance formula. Perpendicular Line Slope. Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Parallel Line Equation. Parallel Lines. Parallel Lines 2. Parallel lines 3. Perpendicular Lines. Perpendicular lines 2. Equations of parallel and perpendicular lines. Distance between a point and a line. Distance between point and line. Algebra: Slope and Y-intercept intuition. Algebra: Equation of a line. CA Algebra I: Slope and Y-intercept. Graphing Inequalities. Solving and graphing linear inequalities in two variables 1. Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Example 2. Graphing Inequalities 2. Graphing linear inequalities in two variables 3. Graphs of inequalities. Graphing linear inequalities. Graphing Inequalities 1. Graphing and solving linear inequalities. CA Algebra I: Graphing Inequalities. Similar triangles to prove that the slope is constant for a line. Slope and triangle similarity 1. Slope and triangle similarity 2. Slope and triangle similarity 3. Slope and triangle similarity 4. Slope and triangle similarity. Average Rate of Change Example 1). Average Rate of Change Example 2). Average Rate of Change Example 3). Average rate of change when function defined by equation. Average rate of change. Descartes and Cartesian Coordinates. The Coordinate Plane. Plot ordered pairs. Graphing points exercise. Graphing points. Quadrants of Coordinate Plane. Graphing points and naming quadrants exercise. Graphing points and naming quadrants. Points on the coordinate plane. Points on the coordinate plane. Coordinate plane word problems exercise. Coordinate plane word problems. Reflecting points exercise. Reflecting points. Ordered pair solutions of equations. Ordered Pair Solutions of Equations 2. Determining a linear equation by trying out values from a table. Equations from tables. Plotting (x,y) relationships. Graphs of Linear Equations. Application problem with graph. Ordered pair solutions to linear equations. Interpreting Linear Graphs. Exploring linear relationships. Recognizing Linear Functions. Interpreting linear relationships. Graphing lines 1. Recognizing Linear Functions. Linear and nonlinear functions (example 1). Linear and nonlinear functions (example 2). Linear and nonlinear functions (example 3). Linear and nonlinear functions. Graphing using X and Y intercepts. Graphing Using Intercepts. X and Y intercepts. X and Y intercepts 2. Solving for the x-intercept. Finding x intercept of a line. Finding intercepts for a linear function from a table. Linear function intercepts. Interpreting intercepts of linear functions. Interpreting and finding intercepts of linear functions. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex1. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex2. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships ex3. Analyzing and identifying proportional relationships. Comparing proportional relationships. Constructing an equation for a proportional relationship. Constructing and comparing proportional relationships. Graphing proportional relationships example. Graphing proportional relationships example 2. Graphing proportional relationships example 3. Graphing proportional relationships. Comparing rates. Representing and comparing rates. Rates and proportional relationships. Rate problem with fractions 1. Unit cost with fractions 1. Rate problems 1. Slope of a line. Slope of a Line 2. Slope and Rate of Change. Graphical Slope of a Line. Slope of a Line 3. Slope Example. Hairier Slope of Line. Identifying slope of a line. Slope and Y-intercept Intuition. Line graph intuition. Algebra: Slope. Algebra: Slope 2. Algebra: Slope 3. Graphing a line in slope intercept form. Converting to slope-intercept form. Graphing linear equations. Fitting a Line to Data. Comparing linear functions 1. Comparing linear functions 2. Comparing linear functions 3. Comparing linear functions. Interpreting features of linear functions example. Interpreting features of linear functions example 2. Interpreting features of linear functions. Comparing linear functions applications 1. Comparing linear functions applications 2. Comparing linear functions applications 3. Comparing linear functions applications. Constructing a linear function word problem. Constructing and interpreting a linear function. Constructing linear graphs. Constructing and interpreting linear functions. Multiple examples of constructing linear equations in slope-intercept form. Constructing equations in slope-intercept form from graphs. Constructing linear equations to solve word problems. Linear equation from slope and a point. Finding a linear equation given a point and slope. Equation of a line from fractional slope and point. Constructing the equation of a line given two points. Finding y intercept given slope and point. Solving for the y-intercept. Slope intercept form from table. Slope intercept form. Idea behind point slope form. Linear Equations in Point Slope Form. Point slope form. Linear Equations in Standard Form. Point-slope and standard form. Converting between slope-intercept and standard form. Converting from point slope to slope intercept form. Converting between point-slope and slope-intercept. Finding the equation of a line. Midpoint formula. Midpoint formula. The Pythagorean theorem intro. Pythagorean theorem. Distance Formula. Distance formula. Perpendicular Line Slope. Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Parallel Line Equation. Parallel Lines. Parallel Lines 2. Parallel lines 3. Perpendicular Lines. Perpendicular lines 2. Equations of parallel and perpendicular lines. Distance between a point and a line. Distance between point and line. Algebra: Slope and Y-intercept intuition. Algebra: Equation of a line. CA Algebra I: Slope and Y-intercept. Graphing Inequalities. Solving and graphing linear inequalities in two variables 1. Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Example 2. Graphing Inequalities 2. Graphing linear inequalities in two variables 3. Graphs of inequalities. Graphing linear inequalities. Graphing Inequalities 1. Graphing and solving linear inequalities. CA Algebra I: Graphing Inequalities. Similar triangles to prove that the slope is constant for a line. Slope and triangle similarity 1. Slope and triangle similarity 2. Slope and triangle similarity 3. Slope and triangle similarity 4. Slope and triangle similarity. Average Rate of Change Example 1). Average Rate of Change Example 2). Average Rate of Change Example 3). Average rate of change when function defined by equation. Average rate of change.

Why we do the same thing to both sides: simple equations. Representing a relationship with a simple equation. One-Step Equation Intuition. One step equation intuition exercise intro. One step equation intuition. Adding and subtracting the same thing from both sides. Intuition why we divide both sides. Why we do the same thing to both sides: two-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides: multi-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides basic systems. Super Yoga Plans- Basic Variables and Equations. Super Yoga Plans- Solving One-Step Equations. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1. Super Yoga Plans- Plotting Points. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Substitution. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Elimination. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1 exercise. Simple Equations of the form Ax=B. Example solving x/3 =14. One-step equations with multiplication. Example solving x+5=54. Examples of one-step equations like Ax=B and x+A = B. One step equations. Solving Ax+B = C. Two-Step Equations. Example: Dimensions of a garden. Example: Two-step equation with x/4 term. 2-step equations. Basic linear equation word problem. Linear equation word problems. Linear equation word problem example. Linear equation word problems 2. Variables on both sides. Example 1: Variables on both sides. Example 2: Variables on both sides. Equation Special Cases. Equations with variables on both sides. Number of solutions to linear equations. Number of solutions to linear equations ex 2. Number of solutions to linear equations ex 3. Solutions to linear equations. Another Percent Word Problem. Percent word problems. Percent word problems 1 example 2). Solving Percent Problems 2. Solving Percent Problems 3. Percentage word problems 1. Percentage word problems 2. Rearrange formulas to isolate specific variables. Solving for a Variable. Solving for a Variable 2. Example: Solving for a variable. Solving equations in terms of a variable. Converting Repeating Decimals to Fractions 1. Converting 1-digit repeating decimals to fractions. Converting Repeating Decimals to Fractions 2. Converting multi-digit repeating decimals to fractions. Ex 1 Age word problem. Ex 2 Age word problem. Ex 3 Age word problem. Age word problems. Absolute Value Equations. Absolute Value Equations Example 1. Absolute Value Equation Example 2. Absolute Value Equations. Absolute Value Equations 1. Absolute value equation example. Absolute value equation with no solution. Absolute value equations. Absolute Value Inequalities. Absolute value inequalities Example 1. Absolute Inequalities 2. Absolute value inequalities example 3. Ex 2 Multi-step equation. Solving Equations with the Distributive Property. Solving equations with the distributive property 2. Ex 2: Distributive property to simplify . Ex 1: Distributive property to simplify . Ex 3: Distributive property to simplify . Multistep equations with distribution. Evaluating expressions where individual variable values are unknown. Evaluating expressions with unknown variables 2. Expressions with unknown variables. Expressions with unknown variables 2. Mixture problems 2. Basic Rate Problem. Early Train Word Problem. Patterns in Sequences 1. Patterns in Sequences 2. Equations of Sequence Patterns. Finding the 100th Term in a Sequence. Challenge example: Sum of integers. Integer sums. Integer sums. 2003 AIME II Problem 1. Bunch of examples. Mixture problems 3. Order of Operations examples. Algebra: Linear Equations 1. Algebra: Linear Equations 2. Algebra: Linear Equations 3. Algebra: Linear Equations 4. Averages. Taking percentages. Growing by a percentage. More percent problems. Age word problems 1. Age word problems 2. Age word problems 3. Why we do the same thing to both sides: simple equations. Representing a relationship with a simple equation. One-Step Equation Intuition. One step equation intuition exercise intro. One step equation intuition. Adding and subtracting the same thing from both sides. Intuition why we divide both sides. Why we do the same thing to both sides: two-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides: multi-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides basic systems. Super Yoga Plans- Basic Variables and Equations. Super Yoga Plans- Solving One-Step Equations. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1. Super Yoga Plans- Plotting Points. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Substitution. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Elimination. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1 exercise. Simple Equations of the form Ax=B. Example solving x/3 =14. One-step equations with multiplication. Example solving x+5=54. Examples of one-step equations like Ax=B and x+A = B. One step equations. Solving Ax+B = C. Two-Step Equations. Example: Dimensions of a garden. Example: Two-step equation with x/4 term. 2-step equations. Basic linear equation word problem. Linear equation word problems. Linear equation word problem example. Linear equation word problems 2. Variables on both sides. Example 1: Variables on both sides. Example 2: Variables on both sides. Equation Special Cases. Equations with variables on both sides. Number of solutions to linear equations. Number of solutions to linear equations ex 2. Number of solutions to linear equations ex 3. Solutions to linear equations. Another Percent Word Problem. Percent word problems. Percent word problems 1 example 2). Solving Percent Problems 2. Solving Percent Problems 3. Percentage word problems 1. Percentage word problems 2. Rearrange formulas to isolate specific variables. Solving for a Variable. Solving for a Variable 2. Example: Solving for a variable. Solving equations in terms of a variable. Converting Repeating Decimals to Fractions 1. Converting 1-digit repeating decimals to fractions. Converting Repeating Decimals to Fractions 2. Converting multi-digit repeating decimals to fractions. Ex 1 Age word problem. Ex 2 Age word problem. Ex 3 Age word problem. Age word problems. Absolute Value Equations. Absolute Value Equations Example 1. Absolute Value Equation Example 2. Absolute Value Equations. Absolute Value Equations 1. Absolute value equation example. Absolute value equation with no solution. Absolute value equations. Absolute Value Inequalities. Absolute value inequalities Example 1. Absolute Inequalities 2. Absolute value inequalities example 3. Ex 2 Multi-step equation. Solving Equations with the Distributive Property. Solving equations with the distributive property 2. Ex 2: Distributive property to simplify . Ex 1: Distributive property to simplify . Ex 3: Distributive property to simplify . Multistep equations with distribution. Evaluating expressions where individual variable values are unknown. Evaluating expressions with unknown variables 2. Expressions with unknown variables. Expressions with unknown variables 2. Mixture problems 2. Basic Rate Problem. Early Train Word Problem. Patterns in Sequences 1. Patterns in Sequences 2. Equations of Sequence Patterns. Finding the 100th Term in a Sequence. Challenge example: Sum of integers. Integer sums. Integer sums. 2003 AIME II Problem 1. Bunch of examples. Mixture problems 3. Order of Operations examples. Algebra: Linear Equations 1. Algebra: Linear Equations 2. Algebra: Linear Equations 3. Algebra: Linear Equations 4. Averages. Taking percentages. Growing by a percentage. More percent problems. Age word problems 1. Age word problems 2. Age word problems 3.

Select problems from ck12.org's Algebra 1 FlexBook (Open Source Textbook). This is a good playlist to review if you want to make sure you have a good understanding of all of the major topics in Algebra I. Variable Expressions. Order of Operations Example. Patterns and Equations. Equations and Inequalities. Domain and Range of a Function. Functions as Graphs. Word Problem Solving Plan 1. Word Problem Solving Strategies. Integers and Rational Numbers. Addition of Rational Numbers. Subtraction of Rational Numbers. Multiplication of Rational Numbers. Distributive Property Example 1. Division of Rational Numbers. Square Roots and Real Numbers. Problem Solving Word Problems 2. One Step Equations. Two-Step Equations. Ex 1: Distributive property to simplify . Ex 3: Distributive property to simplify . Ratio and Proportion. Scale and Indirect Measurement. Percent Problems. Another percent example. The Coordinate Plane. Graphing Using Intercepts. Graphs of Linear Equations. Slope and Rate of Change. Graphs Using Slope-Intercept Form. Direct Variation Models. Function example problems. Word Problem Solving 4. Linear Equations in Slope Intercept Form. Linear Equations in Point Slope Form. Linear Equations in Standard Form. Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Fitting a Line to Data. Predicting with Linear Models. Using a Linear Model. Inequalities Using Addition and Subtraction. Inequalities Using Multiplication and Division. Compound Inequalities. Absolute Value Equations. Absolute Value Inequalities. Graphing Inequalities. Solving Linear Systems by Graphing. Solving Linear Systems by Substitution. Solving Systems of Equations by Elimination. Solving Systems of Equations by Multiplication. Special Types of Linear Systems. Systems of Linear Inequalities. Exponent Properties Involving Products. Exponent Properties Involving Quotients. Zero, Negative, and Fractional Exponents. Scientific Notation. Exponential Growth Functions. Exponential Decay Functions. Geometric Sequences (Introduction). Word Problem Solving- Exponential Growth and Decay. Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials. Multiplication of Polynomials. Special Products of Binomials. Polynomial Equations in Factored Form. Factoring quadratic expressions. Factoring Special Products. Factor by Grouping and Factoring Completely. Graphs of Quadratic Functions. Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing. Solving Quadratic Equations by Square Roots. Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square. How to Use the Quadratic Formula. Proof of Quadratic Formula. Discriminant of Quadratic Equations. Linear, Quadratic, and Exponential Models. Identifying Quadratic Models. Identifying Exponential Models. Quadratic Regression. Shifting functions. Radical Expressions with Higher Roots. More Simplifying Radical Expressions. How to Rationalize a Denominator. Extraneous Solutions to Radical Equations. Radical Equation Examples. More Involved Radical Equation Example. Pythagorean Theorem. Distance Formula. Midpoint Formula. Visual Pythagorean Theorem Proof. Average or Central Tendency: Arithmetic Mean, Median, and Mode. Range, Variance and Standard Deviation as Measures of Dispersion. Stem and Leaf Plots. Histograms. Box-and-whisker Plot. Proportionality. Asymptotes of Rational Functions. Another Rational Function Graph Example. A Third Example of Graphing a Rational Function. Polynomial Division. Simplifying Rational Expressions Introduction. Multiplying and Dividing Rational Expressions. Adding Rational Expressions Example 1. Adding Rational Expressions Example 2. Adding Rational Expressions Example 3. Solving Rational Equations. Two more examples of solving rational equations. Surveys and Samples.

Using polynomial expressions and factoring polynomials. Terms coefficients and exponents in a polynomial. Interesting Polynomial Coefficient Problem. Polynomials1. Polynomials 2. Evaluating a polynomial at a given value. Simplify a polynomial. Adding Polynomials. Example: Adding polynomials with multiple variables. Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 1. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 2. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 3. Subtracting Polynomials. Subtracting polynomials with multiple variables. Adding and subtracting polynomials. Multiplying Monomials. Dividing Monomials. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 1. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 2. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 3. Monomial Greatest Common Factor. Factoring and the Distributive Property. Factoring and the Distributive Property 2. Factoring and the Distributive Property 3. Multiplying Binomials with Radicals. Multiplication of Polynomials. Multiplying Binomials. Multiplying Polynomials1. Multiplying Polynomials 2. Square a Binomial. Special Products of Binomials. Special Polynomials Products 1. Factor polynomials using the GCF. Special Products of Polynomials 1. Special Products of Polynomials 2. Multiplying expressions 0.5. Factoring linear binomials. Multiplying expressions 1. Multiplying Monomials by Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials 3. More multiplying polynomials. Multiplying polynomials. Level 1 multiplying expressions. Polynomial Division. Polynomial divided by monomial. Dividing multivariable polynomial with monomial. Dividing polynomials 1. Dividing polynomials with remainders. Synthetic Division. Synthetic Division Example 2. Why Synthetic Division Works. Factoring Sum of Cubes. Difference of Cubes Factoring. Algebraic Long Division. Algebra II: Simplifying Polynomials. Terms coefficients and exponents in a polynomial. Interesting Polynomial Coefficient Problem. Polynomials1. Polynomials 2. Evaluating a polynomial at a given value. Simplify a polynomial. Adding Polynomials. Example: Adding polynomials with multiple variables. Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 1. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 2. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials 3. Subtracting Polynomials. Subtracting polynomials with multiple variables. Adding and subtracting polynomials. Multiplying Monomials. Dividing Monomials. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 1. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 2. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials 3. Monomial Greatest Common Factor. Factoring and the Distributive Property. Factoring and the Distributive Property 2. Factoring and the Distributive Property 3. Multiplying Binomials with Radicals. Multiplication of Polynomials. Multiplying Binomials. Multiplying Polynomials1. Multiplying Polynomials 2. Square a Binomial. Special Products of Binomials. Special Polynomials Products 1. Factor polynomials using the GCF. Special Products of Polynomials 1. Special Products of Polynomials 2. Multiplying expressions 0.5. Factoring linear binomials. Multiplying expressions 1. Multiplying Monomials by Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials 3. More multiplying polynomials. Multiplying polynomials. Level 1 multiplying expressions. Polynomial Division. Polynomial divided by monomial. Dividing multivariable polynomial with monomial. Dividing polynomials 1. Dividing polynomials with remainders. Synthetic Division. Synthetic Division Example 2. Why Synthetic Division Works. Factoring Sum of Cubes. Difference of Cubes Factoring. Algebraic Long Division. Algebra II: Simplifying Polynomials.

Solving a system of equations or inequalities in two variables by elimination, substitution, and graphing. Trolls, Tolls, and Systems of Equations. Solving the Troll Riddle Visually. Solving Systems Graphically. Graphing systems of equations. King's Cupcakes: Solving Systems by Elimination. How many bags of potato chips do people eat?. Simple Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Systems with Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with elimination. Talking bird solves systems with substitution. Practice using substitution for systems. Systems of equations with substitution. Systems of equations. Systems of equations word problems. Solving linear systems by graphing. Graphing systems of equations. Solving linear systems by substitution. Systems of equations with substitution. Solving systems of equations by elimination. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Solving systems of equations by multiplication. Systems of equations with elimination. Systems of equations. Special types of linear systems. Solutions to systems of equations. Old video on systems of equations. Solving linear systems by graphing. Testing a solution for a system of equations. Graphing Systems of Equations. Graphical Systems Application Problem. Example 2: Graphically Solving Systems. Example 3: Graphically Solving Systems. Solving Systems Graphically. Graphing systems of equations. Inconsistent systems of equations. Infinite solutions to systems. Consistent and Inconsistent Systems. Independent and Dependent Systems. Practice thinking about number of solutions to systems. Graphical solutions to systems. Solutions to systems of equations. Constructing solutions to systems of equations. Constructing consistent and inconsistent systems. Example 1: Solving systems by substitution. Example 2: Solving systems by substitution. Example 3: Solving systems by substitution. The Substitution Method. Substitution Method 2. Substitution Method 3. Practice using substitution for systems. Systems of equations with substitution. Example 1: Solving systems by elimination. Example 2: Solving systems by elimination. Addition Elimination Method 1. Addition Elimination Method 2. Addition Elimination Method 3. Addition Elimination Method 4. Example 3: Solving systems by elimination. Simple Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Systems with Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with elimination. Using a system of equations to find the price of apples and oranges. Linear systems word problem with substitution. Systems of equations word problems. Systems of equation to realize you are getting ripped off. Thinking about multiple solutions to a system of equations. Understanding systems of equations word problems. Systems and rate problems. Systems and rate problems 2. Systems and rate problems 3. Officer on Horseback. Two Passing Bicycles Word Problem. Passed Bike Word Problem. System of equations for passing trains problem. Overtaking Word Problem. Multple examples of multiple constraint problems. Testing Solutions for a System of Inequalities. Visualizing the solution set for a system of inequalities. Graphing systems of inequalities. Graphing systems of inequalities 2. Graphing systems of inequalities. Graphing and solving systems of inequalities. System of Inequalities Application. CA Algebra I: Systems of Inequalities. Systems of Three Variables. Systems of Three Variables 2. Solutions to Three Variable System. Solutions to Three Variable System 2. Three Equation Application Problem. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 3. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 1. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 2. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 3. Systems of nonlinear equations 1. Systems of nonlinear equations 2. Systems of nonlinear equations 3. Systems of nonlinear equations. Trolls, Tolls, and Systems of Equations. Solving the Troll Riddle Visually. Solving Systems Graphically. Graphing systems of equations. King's Cupcakes: Solving Systems by Elimination. How many bags of potato chips do people eat?. Simple Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Systems with Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with elimination. Talking bird solves systems with substitution. Practice using substitution for systems. Systems of equations with substitution. Systems of equations. Systems of equations word problems. Solving linear systems by graphing. Graphing systems of equations. Solving linear systems by substitution. Systems of equations with substitution. Solving systems of equations by elimination. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Solving systems of equations by multiplication. Systems of equations with elimination. Systems of equations. Special types of linear systems. Solutions to systems of equations. Old video on systems of equations. Solving linear systems by graphing. Testing a solution for a system of equations. Graphing Systems of Equations. Graphical Systems Application Problem. Example 2: Graphically Solving Systems. Example 3: Graphically Solving Systems. Solving Systems Graphically. Graphing systems of equations. Inconsistent systems of equations. Infinite solutions to systems. Consistent and Inconsistent Systems. Independent and Dependent Systems. Practice thinking about number of solutions to systems. Graphical solutions to systems. Solutions to systems of equations. Constructing solutions to systems of equations. Constructing consistent and inconsistent systems. Example 1: Solving systems by substitution. Example 2: Solving systems by substitution. Example 3: Solving systems by substitution. The Substitution Method. Substitution Method 2. Substitution Method 3. Practice using substitution for systems. Systems of equations with substitution. Example 1: Solving systems by elimination. Example 2: Solving systems by elimination. Addition Elimination Method 1. Addition Elimination Method 2. Addition Elimination Method 3. Addition Elimination Method 4. Example 3: Solving systems by elimination. Simple Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with simple elimination. Systems with Elimination Practice. Systems of equations with elimination. Using a system of equations to find the price of apples and oranges. Linear systems word problem with substitution. Systems of equations word problems. Systems of equation to realize you are getting ripped off. Thinking about multiple solutions to a system of equations. Understanding systems of equations word problems. Systems and rate problems. Systems and rate problems 2. Systems and rate problems 3. Officer on Horseback. Two Passing Bicycles Word Problem. Passed Bike Word Problem. System of equations for passing trains problem. Overtaking Word Problem. Multple examples of multiple constraint problems. Testing Solutions for a System of Inequalities. Visualizing the solution set for a system of inequalities. Graphing systems of inequalities. Graphing systems of inequalities 2. Graphing systems of inequalities. Graphing and solving systems of inequalities. System of Inequalities Application. CA Algebra I: Systems of Inequalities. Systems of Three Variables. Systems of Three Variables 2. Solutions to Three Variable System. Solutions to Three Variable System 2. Three Equation Application Problem. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 3. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 1. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 2. Non-Linear Systems of Equations 3. Systems of nonlinear equations 1. Systems of nonlinear equations 2. Systems of nonlinear equations 3. Systems of nonlinear equations.

Videos exploring why algebra was developed and how it helps us explain our world. Origins of Algebra. Abstract-ness. The Beauty of Algebra. Descartes and Cartesian Coordinates. Why all the letters in Algebra?. What is a variable?. Why aren't we using the multiplication sign. Example: evaluating an expression. Example: evaluate a formula using substitution. Evaluating exponential expressions 2. Evaluating expressions in one variable. Expressions with two variables. Example: Evaluating expressions with 2 variables. Examples of evaluating variable expressions. Evaluating expressions in 2 variables. Example evaluating expressions in word problems. Evaluating expressions 3. Combining like terms. Adding like rational terms. Combining Like Terms 1. Combining Like Terms 2. Combining Like Terms 3. Combining like terms. Combining like terms and the distributive property. Combining like terms with distribution. Factoring a linear expression with rational terms. Distributive property with rational terms. Manipulating linear expressions with rational coefficients. Equivalent forms of expressions 1. Equivalent forms of expressions 1. Writing Expressions 1. Writing expressions. Writing Expressions 2. Writing expressions 2 exercise example. Writing expressions 2. Interpreting linear expressions example. Interpreting linear expressions example 2. Interpreting linear expressions. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 1. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 2. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 3. Writing expressions 3. Why we do the same thing to both sides: simple equations. Representing a relationship with a simple equation. One-Step Equation Intuition. One step equation intuition exercise intro. One step equation intuition. Adding and subtracting the same thing from both sides. Intuition why we divide both sides. Why we do the same thing to both sides: two-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides: multi-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides basic systems. Why all the letters in Algebra?. Super Yoga Plans- Basic Variables and Equations. Super Yoga Plans- Solving One-Step Equations. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1. Super Yoga Plans- Plotting Points. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Substitution. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Elimination. Variables Expressions and Equations. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 1. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 2. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 3. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 4. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 1. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 2. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 3. Dependent and independent variables. Origins of Algebra. Abstract-ness. The Beauty of Algebra. Descartes and Cartesian Coordinates. Why all the letters in Algebra?. What is a variable?. Why aren't we using the multiplication sign. Example: evaluating an expression. Example: evaluate a formula using substitution. Evaluating exponential expressions 2. Evaluating expressions in one variable. Expressions with two variables. Example: Evaluating expressions with 2 variables. Examples of evaluating variable expressions. Evaluating expressions in 2 variables. Example evaluating expressions in word problems. Evaluating expressions 3. Combining like terms. Adding like rational terms. Combining Like Terms 1. Combining Like Terms 2. Combining Like Terms 3. Combining like terms. Combining like terms and the distributive property. Combining like terms with distribution. Factoring a linear expression with rational terms. Distributive property with rational terms. Manipulating linear expressions with rational coefficients. Equivalent forms of expressions 1. Equivalent forms of expressions 1. Writing Expressions 1. Writing expressions. Writing Expressions 2. Writing expressions 2 exercise example. Writing expressions 2. Interpreting linear expressions example. Interpreting linear expressions example 2. Interpreting linear expressions. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 1. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 2. Writing expressions 3 exercise example 3. Writing expressions 3. Why we do the same thing to both sides: simple equations. Representing a relationship with a simple equation. One-Step Equation Intuition. One step equation intuition exercise intro. One step equation intuition. Adding and subtracting the same thing from both sides. Intuition why we divide both sides. Why we do the same thing to both sides: two-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides: multi-step equations. Why we do the same thing to both sides basic systems. Why all the letters in Algebra?. Super Yoga Plans- Basic Variables and Equations. Super Yoga Plans- Solving One-Step Equations. Constructing and solving equations in the real world 1. Super Yoga Plans- Plotting Points. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Substitution. Super Yoga Plans- Solving Systems by Elimination. Variables Expressions and Equations. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 1. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 2. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 3. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution example 4. Solving equations and inequalities through substitution. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 1. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 2. Dependent and independent variables exercise example 3. Dependent and independent variables.

This class presents the fundamental probability and statistical concepts used in elementary data analysis. It will be taught at an introductory level for students with junior or senior college-level mathematical training including a working knowledge of calculus. A small amount of linear algebra and programming are useful for the class, but not required.

Identifying, solving, and graphing various types of functions. What is a function. Difference between Equations and Functions. Function example problems. Ex: Constructing a function. Understanding Function Notation Example 1). Understanding Function Notation Example 2). Understanding Function Notation Example 3). Understanding function notation. Testing if a relationship is a function. Graphical Relations and Functions. Functions as Graphs. Recognizing functions (example 1). Recognizing functions (example 2). Recognizing functions. Relations and Functions. Functional Relationships 1. Recognizing functions (example 3). Recognizing functions (example 4). Recognizing functions (example 5). Recognizing functions 2. Domain of a function. Domain and Range of a Relation. Domain and Range of a Function Given a Formula. Domain and Range 1. Domain of a Radical Function. Domain of a function. Domain and Range 2. Domain and Range of a Function. Range of a function. Domain and range from graphs. Domain and range from graph. Direct and Inverse Variation. Recognizing Direct and Inverse Variation. Proportionality Constant for Direct Variation. Direct and inverse variation. Direct Variation Models. Direct Variation 1. Inverse Variation Application. Direct Inverse and Joint Variation. Direct Variation Application. Ex 1: Evaluating a function. Ex 2: Graphing a basic function. Graphing a parabola with a table of values. Ex 4: Graphing radical functions. Ex: Graphing exponential functions. Views of a function. Interpreting a graph exercise example. Interpreting graphs of linear and nonlinear functions. Quotient of Functions. Sum of Functions. Product of Functions. Difference of Functions. Evaluating a function expression. Evaluating expressions with function notation. Evaluating composite functions example. Evaluating composite functions. Introduction to Function Inverses. Function Inverse Example 1. Function Inverses Example 2. Function Inverses Example 3. Inverses of functions. New operator definitions. New operator definitions 1. New operator definitions 2. New operator definitions 2. Introduction to functions. Functions Part 2. Functions (Part III). Functions (part 4). What is a function. Difference between Equations and Functions. Function example problems. Ex: Constructing a function. Understanding Function Notation Example 1). Understanding Function Notation Example 2). Understanding Function Notation Example 3). Understanding function notation. Testing if a relationship is a function. Graphical Relations and Functions. Functions as Graphs. Recognizing functions (example 1). Recognizing functions (example 2). Recognizing functions. Relations and Functions. Functional Relationships 1. Recognizing functions (example 3). Recognizing functions (example 4). Recognizing functions (example 5). Recognizing functions 2. Domain of a function. Domain and Range of a Relation. Domain and Range of a Function Given a Formula. Domain and Range 1. Domain of a Radical Function. Domain of a function. Domain and Range 2. Domain and Range of a Function. Range of a function. Domain and range from graphs. Domain and range from graph. Direct and Inverse Variation. Recognizing Direct and Inverse Variation. Proportionality Constant for Direct Variation. Direct and inverse variation. Direct Variation Models. Direct Variation 1. Inverse Variation Application. Direct Inverse and Joint Variation. Direct Variation Application. Ex 1: Evaluating a function. Ex 2: Graphing a basic function. Graphing a parabola with a table of values. Ex 4: Graphing radical functions. Ex: Graphing exponential functions. Views of a function. Interpreting a graph exercise example. Interpreting graphs of linear and nonlinear functions. Quotient of Functions. Sum of Functions. Product of Functions. Difference of Functions. Evaluating a function expression. Evaluating expressions with function notation. Evaluating composite functions example. Evaluating composite functions. Introduction to Function Inverses. Function Inverse Example 1. Function Inverses Example 2. Function Inverses Example 3. Inverses of functions. New operator definitions. New operator definitions 1. New operator definitions 2. New operator definitions 2. Introduction to functions. Functions Part 2. Functions (Part III). Functions (part 4).

Matrices, vectors, vector spaces, transformations. Covers all topics in a first year college linear algebra course. This is an advanced course normally taken by science or engineering majors after taking at least two semesters of calculus (although calculus really isn't a prereq) so don't confuse this with regular high school algebra. Introduction to matrices. Matrix multiplication (part 1). Matrix multiplication (part 2). Idea Behind Inverting a 2x2 Matrix. Inverting matrices (part 2). Inverting Matrices (part 3). Matrices to solve a system of equations. Matrices to solve a vector combination problem. Singular Matrices. 3-variable linear equations (part 1). Solving 3 Equations with 3 Unknowns. Introduction to Vectors. Vector Examples. Parametric Representations of Lines. Linear Combinations and Span. Introduction to Linear Independence. More on linear independence. Span and Linear Independence Example. Linear Subspaces. Basis of a Subspace. Vector Dot Product and Vector Length. Proving Vector Dot Product Properties. Proof of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality. Vector Triangle Inequality. Defining the angle between vectors. Defining a plane in R3 with a point and normal vector. Cross Product Introduction. Proof: Relationship between cross product and sin of angle. Dot and Cross Product Comparison/Intuition. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 1. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 2. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 3. Matrix Vector Products. Introduction to the Null Space of a Matrix. Null Space 2: Calculating the null space of a matrix. Null Space 3: Relation to Linear Independence. Column Space of a Matrix. Null Space and Column Space Basis. Visualizing a Column Space as a Plane in R3. Proof: Any subspace basis has same number of elements. Dimension of the Null Space or Nullity. Dimension of the Column Space or Rank. Showing relation between basis cols and pivot cols. Showing that the candidate basis does span C(A). A more formal understanding of functions. Vector Transformations. Linear Transformations. Matrix Vector Products as Linear Transformations. Linear Transformations as Matrix Vector Products. Image of a subset under a transformation. im(T): Image of a Transformation. Preimage of a set. Preimage and Kernel Example. Sums and Scalar Multiples of Linear Transformations. More on Matrix Addition and Scalar Multiplication. Linear Transformation Examples: Scaling and Reflections. Linear Transformation Examples: Rotations in R2. Rotation in R3 around the X-axis. Unit Vectors. Introduction to Projections. Expressing a Projection on to a line as a Matrix Vector prod. Compositions of Linear Transformations 1. Compositions of Linear Transformations 2. Matrix Product Examples. Matrix Product Associativity. Distributive Property of Matrix Products. Introduction to the inverse of a function. Proof: Invertibility implies a unique solution to f(x)=y. Surjective (onto) and Injective (one-to-one) functions. Relating invertibility to being onto and one-to-one. Determining whether a transformation is onto. Exploring the solution set of Ax=b. Matrix condition for one-to-one trans. Simplifying conditions for invertibility. Showing that Inverses are Linear. Deriving a method for determining inverses. Example of Finding Matrix Inverse. Formula for 2x2 inverse. 3x3 Determinant. nxn Determinant. Determinants along other rows/cols. Rule of Sarrus of Determinants. Determinant when row multiplied by scalar. (correction) scalar multiplication of row. Determinant when row is added. Duplicate Row Determinant. Determinant after row operations. Upper Triangular Determinant. Simpler 4x4 determinant. Determinant and area of a parallelogram. Determinant as Scaling Factor. Transpose of a Matrix. Determinant of Transpose. Transpose of a Matrix Product. Transposes of sums and inverses. Transpose of a Vector. Rowspace and Left Nullspace. Visualizations of Left Nullspace and Rowspace. Orthogonal Complements. Rank(A) = Rank(transpose of A). dim(V) + dim(orthogonal complement of V)=n. Representing vectors in Rn using subspace members. Orthogonal Complement of the Orthogonal Complement. Orthogonal Complement of the Nullspace. Unique rowspace solution to Ax=b. Rowspace Solution to Ax=b example. Showing that A-transpose x A is invertible. Projections onto Subspaces. Visualizing a projection onto a plane. A Projection onto a Subspace is a Linear Transforma. Subspace Projection Matrix Example. Another Example of a Projection Matrix. Projection is closest vector in subspace. Least Squares Approximation. Least Squares Examples. Another Least Squares Example. Coordinates with Respect to a Basis. Change of Basis Matrix. Invertible Change of Basis Matrix. Transformation Matrix with Respect to a Basis. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example Part 2. Changing coordinate systems to help find a transformation matrix. Introduction to Orthonormal Bases. Coordinates with respect to orthonormal bases. Projections onto subspaces with orthonormal bases. Finding projection onto subspace with orthonormal basis example. Example using orthogonal change-of-basis matrix to find transformation matrix. Orthogonal matrices preserve angles and lengths. The Gram-Schmidt Process. Gram-Schmidt Process Example. Gram-Schmidt example with 3 basis vectors. Introduction to Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Proof of formula for determining Eigenvalues. Example solving for the eigenvalues of a 2x2 matrix. Finding Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces example. Eigenvalues of a 3x3 matrix. Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces for a 3x3 matrix. Showing that an eigenbasis makes for good coordinate systems. Vector Triple Product Expansion (very optional). Normal vector from plane equation. Point distance to plane. Distance Between Planes.

Exploring a world where both sides aren't equal anymore!. Inequalities Using Multiplication and Division. One-step inequality with multiplication and division example. Constructing and solving one-step inequality. One step inequalities. One-Step inequality involving addition. Inequalities Using Addition and Subtraction. Two-step inequality example. Multi-Step Inequalities. Multi-Step Inequalities 2. Multi-Step Inequalities 3. Multi-step linear inequalities. Interpreting Inequalities. Writing and using inequalities 2. Writing and using inequalities 3. Interpreting and solving linear inequalities. Inequality examples. Compound Inequalities. Compound Inequalities. Compound Inequalities 2. Compound Inequalities 3. Compound Inequalities 4. Compound inequalities. Absolute Value Inequalities. Absolute value inequalities Example 1. Absolute Value Inequalities Example 2. Absolute value inequalities example 3. Writing and using inequalities. Dogs cats and bears in a pet store visual argument. Dogs cats and bears in a pet store analytic argument. Reasoning through inequality expressions. Using expressions to understand relationships. Structure in expressions 1. Inequalities Using Multiplication and Division. One-step inequality with multiplication and division example. Constructing and solving one-step inequality. One step inequalities. One-Step inequality involving addition. Inequalities Using Addition and Subtraction. Two-step inequality example. Multi-Step Inequalities. Multi-Step Inequalities 2. Multi-Step Inequalities 3. Multi-step linear inequalities. Interpreting Inequalities. Writing and using inequalities 2. Writing and using inequalities 3. Interpreting and solving linear inequalities. Inequality examples. Compound Inequalities. Compound Inequalities. Compound Inequalities 2. Compound Inequalities 3. Compound Inequalities 4. Compound inequalities. Absolute Value Inequalities. Absolute value inequalities Example 1. Absolute Value Inequalities Example 2. Absolute value inequalities example 3. Writing and using inequalities. Dogs cats and bears in a pet store visual argument. Dogs cats and bears in a pet store analytic argument. Reasoning through inequality expressions. Using expressions to understand relationships. Structure in expressions 1.

This topic continues our journey through the world of Euclid by helping us understand angles and how they can relate to each other. Angle basics. Measuring angles in degrees. Using a protractor. Measuring angles. Measuring angles. Acute right and obtuse angles. Angle types. Vertical, adjacent and linearly paired angles. Exploring angle pairs. Introduction to vertical angles. Vertical angles. Using algebra to find the measures of vertical angles. Vertical angles 2. Proof-Vertical Angles are Equal. Angles Formed by Parallel Lines and Transversals. Identifying Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Figuring out angles between transversal and parallel lines. Congruent angles. Parallel lines 1. Using algebra to find measures of angles formed from transversal. Parallel lines 2. CA Geometry: Deducing Angle Measures. Proof - Sum of Measures of Angles in a Triangle are 180. Triangle Angle Example 1. Triangle Angle Example 2. Triangle Angle Example 3. Challenging Triangle Angle Problem. Proof - Corresponding Angle Equivalence Implies Parallel Lines. Finding more angles. Angles 1. Angles 2. Sum of Interior Angles of a Polygon. Angles of a polygon. Sum of the exterior angles of convex polygon. Introduction to angles (old). Angles (part 2). Angles (part 3). Angles formed between transversals and parallel lines. Angles of parallel lines 2. The Angle Game. Angle Game (part 2). Acute right and obtuse angles. Complementary and supplementary angles. Complementary and supplementary angles. Example using algebra to find measure of complementary angles. Example using algebra to find measure of supplementary angles. Angle addition postulate. Angle basics. Measuring angles in degrees. Using a protractor. Measuring angles. Measuring angles. Acute right and obtuse angles. Angle types. Vertical, adjacent and linearly paired angles. Exploring angle pairs. Introduction to vertical angles. Vertical angles. Using algebra to find the measures of vertical angles. Vertical angles 2. Proof-Vertical Angles are Equal. Angles Formed by Parallel Lines and Transversals. Identifying Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Figuring out angles between transversal and parallel lines. Congruent angles. Parallel lines 1. Using algebra to find measures of angles formed from transversal. Parallel lines 2. CA Geometry: Deducing Angle Measures. Proof - Sum of Measures of Angles in a Triangle are 180. Triangle Angle Example 1. Triangle Angle Example 2. Triangle Angle Example 3. Challenging Triangle Angle Problem. Proof - Corresponding Angle Equivalence Implies Parallel Lines. Finding more angles. Angles 1. Angles 2. Sum of Interior Angles of a Polygon. Angles of a polygon. Sum of the exterior angles of convex polygon. Introduction to angles (old). Angles (part 2). Angles (part 3). Angles formed between transversals and parallel lines. Angles of parallel lines 2. The Angle Game. Angle Game (part 2). Acute right and obtuse angles. Complementary and supplementary angles. Complementary and supplementary angles. Example using algebra to find measure of complementary angles. Example using algebra to find measure of supplementary angles. Angle addition postulate.

Understanding how we can map one set of vectors to another set. Matrices used to define linear transformations. A more formal understanding of functions. Vector Transformations. Linear Transformations. Matrix Vector Products as Linear Transformations. Linear Transformations as Matrix Vector Products. Image of a subset under a transformation. im(T): Image of a Transformation. Preimage of a set. Preimage and Kernel Example. Sums and Scalar Multiples of Linear Transformations. More on Matrix Addition and Scalar Multiplication. Linear Transformation Examples: Scaling and Reflections. Linear Transformation Examples: Rotations in R2. Rotation in R3 around the X-axis. Unit Vectors. Introduction to Projections. Expressing a Projection on to a line as a Matrix Vector prod. Compositions of Linear Transformations 1. Compositions of Linear Transformations 2. Matrix Product Examples. Matrix Product Associativity. Distributive Property of Matrix Products. Introduction to the inverse of a function. Proof: Invertibility implies a unique solution to f(x)=y. Surjective (onto) and Injective (one-to-one) functions. Relating invertibility to being onto and one-to-one. Determining whether a transformation is onto. Exploring the solution set of Ax=b. Matrix condition for one-to-one trans. Simplifying conditions for invertibility. Showing that Inverses are Linear. Deriving a method for determining inverses. Example of Finding Matrix Inverse. Formula for 2x2 inverse. 3x3 Determinant. nxn Determinant. Determinants along other rows/cols. Rule of Sarrus of Determinants. Determinant when row multiplied by scalar. (correction) scalar multiplication of row. Determinant when row is added. Duplicate Row Determinant. Determinant after row operations. Upper Triangular Determinant. Simpler 4x4 determinant. Determinant and area of a parallelogram. Determinant as Scaling Factor. Transpose of a Matrix. Determinant of Transpose. Transpose of a Matrix Product. Transposes of sums and inverses. Transpose of a Vector. Rowspace and Left Nullspace. Visualizations of Left Nullspace and Rowspace. Rank(A) = Rank(transpose of A). Showing that A-transpose x A is invertible. A more formal understanding of functions. Vector Transformations. Linear Transformations. Matrix Vector Products as Linear Transformations. Linear Transformations as Matrix Vector Products. Image of a subset under a transformation. im(T): Image of a Transformation. Preimage of a set. Preimage and Kernel Example. Sums and Scalar Multiples of Linear Transformations. More on Matrix Addition and Scalar Multiplication. Linear Transformation Examples: Scaling and Reflections. Linear Transformation Examples: Rotations in R2. Rotation in R3 around the X-axis. Unit Vectors. Introduction to Projections. Expressing a Projection on to a line as a Matrix Vector prod. Compositions of Linear Transformations 1. Compositions of Linear Transformations 2. Matrix Product Examples. Matrix Product Associativity. Distributive Property of Matrix Products. Introduction to the inverse of a function. Proof: Invertibility implies a unique solution to f(x)=y. Surjective (onto) and Injective (one-to-one) functions. Relating invertibility to being onto and one-to-one. Determining whether a transformation is onto. Exploring the solution set of Ax=b. Matrix condition for one-to-one trans. Simplifying conditions for invertibility. Showing that Inverses are Linear. Deriving a method for determining inverses. Example of Finding Matrix Inverse. Formula for 2x2 inverse. 3x3 Determinant. nxn Determinant. Determinants along other rows/cols. Rule of Sarrus of Determinants. Determinant when row multiplied by scalar. (correction) scalar multiplication of row. Determinant when row is added. Duplicate Row Determinant. Determinant after row operations. Upper Triangular Determinant. Simpler 4x4 determinant. Determinant and area of a parallelogram. Determinant as Scaling Factor. Transpose of a Matrix. Determinant of Transpose. Transpose of a Matrix Product. Transposes of sums and inverses. Transpose of a Vector. Rowspace and Left Nullspace. Visualizations of Left Nullspace and Rowspace. Rank(A) = Rank(transpose of A). Showing that A-transpose x A is invertible.

We explore creating and moving between various coordinate systems. Orthogonal Complements. dim(V) + dim(orthogonal complement of V)=n. Representing vectors in Rn using subspace members. Orthogonal Complement of the Orthogonal Complement. Orthogonal Complement of the Nullspace. Unique rowspace solution to Ax=b. Rowspace Solution to Ax=b example. Projections onto Subspaces. Visualizing a projection onto a plane. A Projection onto a Subspace is a Linear Transforma. Subspace Projection Matrix Example. Another Example of a Projection Matrix. Projection is closest vector in subspace. Least Squares Approximation. Least Squares Examples. Another Least Squares Example. Coordinates with Respect to a Basis. Change of Basis Matrix. Invertible Change of Basis Matrix. Transformation Matrix with Respect to a Basis. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example Part 2. Changing coordinate systems to help find a transformation matrix. Introduction to Orthonormal Bases. Coordinates with respect to orthonormal bases. Projections onto subspaces with orthonormal bases. Finding projection onto subspace with orthonormal basis example. Example using orthogonal change-of-basis matrix to find transformation matrix. Orthogonal matrices preserve angles and lengths. The Gram-Schmidt Process. Gram-Schmidt Process Example. Gram-Schmidt example with 3 basis vectors. Introduction to Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Proof of formula for determining Eigenvalues. Example solving for the eigenvalues of a 2x2 matrix. Finding Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces example. Eigenvalues of a 3x3 matrix. Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces for a 3x3 matrix. Showing that an eigenbasis makes for good coordinate systems. Orthogonal Complements. dim(V) + dim(orthogonal complement of V)=n. Representing vectors in Rn using subspace members. Orthogonal Complement of the Orthogonal Complement. Orthogonal Complement of the Nullspace. Unique rowspace solution to Ax=b. Rowspace Solution to Ax=b example. Projections onto Subspaces. Visualizing a projection onto a plane. A Projection onto a Subspace is a Linear Transforma. Subspace Projection Matrix Example. Another Example of a Projection Matrix. Projection is closest vector in subspace. Least Squares Approximation. Least Squares Examples. Another Least Squares Example. Coordinates with Respect to a Basis. Change of Basis Matrix. Invertible Change of Basis Matrix. Transformation Matrix with Respect to a Basis. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example. Alternate Basis Transformation Matrix Example Part 2. Changing coordinate systems to help find a transformation matrix. Introduction to Orthonormal Bases. Coordinates with respect to orthonormal bases. Projections onto subspaces with orthonormal bases. Finding projection onto subspace with orthonormal basis example. Example using orthogonal change-of-basis matrix to find transformation matrix. Orthogonal matrices preserve angles and lengths. The Gram-Schmidt Process. Gram-Schmidt Process Example. Gram-Schmidt example with 3 basis vectors. Introduction to Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. Proof of formula for determining Eigenvalues. Example solving for the eigenvalues of a 2x2 matrix. Finding Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces example. Eigenvalues of a 3x3 matrix. Eigenvectors and Eigenspaces for a 3x3 matrix. Showing that an eigenbasis makes for good coordinate systems.

Let's get our feet wet by thinking in terms of vectors and spaces. Introduction to Vectors. Vector Examples. Scaling vectors. Adding vectors. Parametric Representations of Lines. Linear Combinations and Span. Introduction to Linear Independence. More on linear independence. Span and Linear Independence Example. Linear Subspaces. Basis of a Subspace. Vector Dot Product and Vector Length. Proving Vector Dot Product Properties. Proof of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality. Vector Triangle Inequality. Defining the angle between vectors. Defining a plane in R3 with a point and normal vector. Cross Product Introduction. Proof: Relationship between cross product and sin of angle. Dot and Cross Product Comparison/Intuition. Vector Triple Product Expansion (very optional). Normal vector from plane equation. Point distance to plane. Distance Between Planes. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 1. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 2. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 3. Matrix Vector Products. Introduction to the Null Space of a Matrix. Null Space 2: Calculating the null space of a matrix. Null Space 3: Relation to Linear Independence. Column Space of a Matrix. Null Space and Column Space Basis. Visualizing a Column Space as a Plane in R3. Proof: Any subspace basis has same number of elements. Dimension of the Null Space or Nullity. Dimension of the Column Space or Rank. Showing relation between basis cols and pivot cols. Showing that the candidate basis does span C(A). Introduction to Vectors. Vector Examples. Scaling vectors. Adding vectors. Parametric Representations of Lines. Linear Combinations and Span. Introduction to Linear Independence. More on linear independence. Span and Linear Independence Example. Linear Subspaces. Basis of a Subspace. Vector Dot Product and Vector Length. Proving Vector Dot Product Properties. Proof of the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality. Vector Triangle Inequality. Defining the angle between vectors. Defining a plane in R3 with a point and normal vector. Cross Product Introduction. Proof: Relationship between cross product and sin of angle. Dot and Cross Product Comparison/Intuition. Vector Triple Product Expansion (very optional). Normal vector from plane equation. Point distance to plane. Distance Between Planes. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 1. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 2. Matrices: Reduced Row Echelon Form 3. Matrix Vector Products. Introduction to the Null Space of a Matrix. Null Space 2: Calculating the null space of a matrix. Null Space 3: Relation to Linear Independence. Column Space of a Matrix. Null Space and Column Space Basis. Visualizing a Column Space as a Plane in R3. Proof: Any subspace basis has same number of elements. Dimension of the Null Space or Nullity. Dimension of the Column Space or Rank. Showing relation between basis cols and pivot cols. Showing that the candidate basis does span C(A).

This class introduces elementary programming concepts including variable types, data structures, and flow control. After an introduction to linear algebra and probability, it covers numerical methods relevant to mechanical engineering, including approximation (interpolation, least squares and statistical regression), integration, solution of linear and nonlinear equations, ordinary differential equations, and deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Examples are drawn from mechanical engineering disciplines, in particular from robotics, dynamics, and structural analysis. Assignments require MATLAB^{®} programming.

The laws of nature are expressed as differential equations. Scientists and engineers must know how to model the world in terms of differential equations, and how to solve those equations and interpret the solutions. This course focuses on the equations and techniques most useful in science and engineering.

#### Course Format

This course has been designed for independent study. It provides everything you will need to understand the concepts covered in the course. The materials include:

**Lecture Videos**by Professor Arthur Mattuck.**Course Notes**on every topic.**Practice Problems**with**Solutions**.**Problem Solving Videos**taught by experienced MIT Recitation Instructors.**Problem Sets**to do on your own with**Solutions**to check your answers against when you're done.- A selection of
**Interactive Java® Demonstrations**called*Mathlets*to illustrate key concepts. - A full set of
**Exams with Solutions**, including practice exams to help you prepare.

#### Content Development

Haynes Miller

Jeremy Orloff

Dr. John Lewis

Arthur Mattuck

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## Other OCW Versions

OCW has published multiple versions of this subject.

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Math 101: College Algebra is designed to be used to prepare you to earn real college credit by passing the College Algebra CLEP Exam . This course covers topics that are included on the exam, including linear equations, functions, graphing, matrices and more. Use it to help you learn what you need to know about algebra topics so you can succeed on the exam.

The algebra instructors are experienced and knowledgeable educators who have put together comprehensive video lessons in categories ranging from absolute value problems to exponentials to the classification of numbers. Each category is broken down into smaller chapters that will cover topics more in-depth. These video lessons make learning fun and interesting. You get the aid of self-graded quizzes and practice tests to allow you to gauge how much you have learned.

This course forms an introduction to a selection of mathematical topics that are not covered in traditional mechanical engineering curricula, such as differential geometry, integral geometry, discrete computational geometry, graph theory, optimization techniques, calculus of variations and linear algebra. The topics covered in any particular year depend on the interest of the students and instructor. Emphasis is on basic ideas and on applications in mechanical engineering. This year, the subject focuses on selected topics from linear algebra and the calculus of variations. It is aimed mainly (but not exclusively) at students aiming to study mechanics (solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, energy methods etc.), and the course introduces some of the mathematical tools used in these subjects. Applications are related primarily (but not exclusively) to the microstructures of crystalline solids.

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