# Online courses directory (209)

We are surrounded by information, much of it numerical, and it is important to know how to make sense of it. Stat2x is an introduction to the fundamental concepts and methods of statistics, the science of drawing conclusions from data.

The course is the online equivalent of Statistics 2, a 15-week introductory course taken in Berkeley by about 1,000 students each year. Stat2x is divided into three 5-week components. Stat2.1x is the first of the three.

The focus of Stat2.1x is on descriptive statistics. The goal of descriptive statistics is to summarize and present numerical information in a manner that is illuminating and useful. The course will cover graphical as well as numerical summaries of data, starting with a single variable and progressing to the relation between two variables. Methods will be illustrated with data from a variety of areas in the sciences and humanities.

There will be no mindless memorization of formulas and methods. Throughout Stat2.1x, the emphasis will be on understanding the reasoning behind the calculations, the assumptions under which they are valid, and the correct interpretation of results.

**FAQ**

- What is the format of the class?
- Instruction will be consist of brief lectures and exercises to check comprehension. Grades (Pass or Not Pass) will be decided based on a combination of scores on short assignments, quizzes, and a final exam.

- How much does it cost to take the course?
- Nothing! The course is free.

- Will the text of the lectures be available?
- Yes. All of our lectures will have transcripts synced to the videos.

- Do I need to watch the lectures live?
- No. You can watch the lectures at your leisure.

- Can I contact the Instructor or Teaching Assistants?
- Yes, but not directly. The discussion forums are the appropriate venue for questions about the course. The instructors will monitor the discussion forums and try to respond to the most important questions; in many cases response from other students and peers will be adequate and faster.

- Do I need any other materials to take the course?
- If you have any questions about edX generally, please see the edX FAQ.

California Standards Test: Algebra II. California Standards Test: Algebra II (Graphing Inequalities). CA Standards: Algebra II (Algebraic Division/Multiplication). CA Standards: Algebra II. Algebra II: Simplifying Polynomials. Algebra II: Imaginary and Complex Numbers. Algebra II: Complex numbers and conjugates. Algebra II: Quadratics and Shifts. Examples: Graphing and interpreting quadratics. Hyperbola and parabola examples. Algebra II: Circles and Logarithms. Algebra II: Logarithms Exponential Growth. Algebra II: Logarithms and more. Algebra II: Functions, Combinatorics. Algebra II: binomial Expansion and Combinatorics. Algebra II: Binomial Expansions, Geometric Series Sum. Algebra II: Functions and Probability. Algebra II: Probability and Statistics. Algebra II: Mean and Standard Deviation.

This class presents the fundamental probability and statistical concepts used in elementary data analysis. It will be taught at an introductory level for students with junior or senior college-level mathematical training including a working knowledge of calculus. A small amount of linear algebra and programming are useful for the class, but not required.

Introduction to statistics. We start with the basics of reading and interpretting data and then build into descriptive and inferential statistics that are typically covered in an introductory course on the subject. Overview of Khan Academy statistics. Statistics intro: mean, median and mode. Constructing a box-and-whisker plot. Sample mean versus population mean.. Variance of a population. Sample variance. Review and intuition why we divide by n-1 for the unbiased sample variance. Simulation showing bias in sample variance. Simulation providing evidence that (n-1) gives us unbiased estimate. Statistics: Standard Deviation. Statistics: Alternate Variance Formulas. Introduction to Random Variables. Probability Density Functions. Binomial Distribution 1. Binomial Distribution 2. Binomial Distribution 3. Binomial Distribution 4. Expected Value: E(X). Expected Value of Binomial Distribution. Poisson Process 1. Poisson Process 2. Introduction to the Normal Distribution. Normal Distribution Excel Exercise. Law of Large Numbers. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Qualitative sense of normal distributions. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Empirical Rule. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: z-score. ck12.org Exercise: Standard Normal Distribution and the Empirical Rule. ck12.org: More Empirical Rule and Z-score practice. Central Limit Theorem. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean 2. Standard Error of the Mean. Sampling Distribution Example Problem. Confidence Interval 1. Confidence Interval Example. Mean and Variance of Bernoulli Distribution Example. Bernoulli Distribution Mean and Variance Formulas. Margin of Error 1. Margin of Error 2. Small Sample Size Confidence Intervals. Hypothesis Testing and P-values. One-Tailed and Two-Tailed Tests. Z-statistics vs. T-statistics. Type 1 Errors. Small Sample Hypothesis Test. T-Statistic Confidence Interval. Large Sample Proportion Hypothesis Testing. Variance of Differences of Random Variables. Difference of Sample Means Distribution. Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Clarification of Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Hypothesis Test for Difference of Means. Comparing Population Proportions 1. Comparing Population Proportions 2. Hypothesis Test Comparing Population Proportions. Squared Error of Regression Line. Proof (Part 1) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof Part 2 Minimizing Squared Error to Line. Proof (Part 3) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof (Part 4) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Regression Line Example. Second Regression Example. R-Squared or Coefficient of Determination. Calculating R-Squared. Covariance and the Regression Line. Correlation and Causality. Chi-Square Distribution Introduction. Pearson's Chi Square Test (Goodness of Fit). Contingency Table Chi-Square Test. ANOVA 1 - Calculating SST (Total Sum of Squares). ANOVA 2 - Calculating SSW and SSB (Total Sum of Squares Within and Between).avi. ANOVA 3 -Hypothesis Test with F-Statistic. Another simulation giving evidence that (n-1) gives us an unbiased estimate of variance. Mean Median and Mode. Range and Mid-range. Reading Pictographs. Reading Bar Graphs. Reading Line Graphs. Reading Pie Graphs (Circle Graphs). Misleading Line Graphs. Stem-and-leaf Plots. Box-and-Whisker Plots. Reading Box-and-Whisker Plots. Statistics: The Average. Statistics: Variance of a Population. Statistics: Sample Variance. Deductive Reasoning 1. Deductive Reasoning 2. Deductive Reasoning 3. Inductive Reasoning 1. Inductive Reasoning 2. Inductive Reasoning 3. Inductive Patterns.

Quantitative Methods in Clinical and Public Health Research is the online adaptation of material from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health's classes in epidemiology and biostatistics. Principled investigations to monitor and thus improve the health of individuals are firmly based on a sound understanding of modern quantitative methods. This involves the ability to discover patterns and extract knowledge from health data on a sample of individuals and then to infer, with measured uncertainty, the unobserved population characteristics. This course will address this need by covering the principles of biostatistics and epidemiology used for public health and clinical research. These include outcomes measurement, measures of associations between outcomes and their determinants, study design options, bias and confounding, probability and diagnostic tests, confidence intervals and hypothesis testing, power and sample size determinations, life tables and survival methods, regression methods (both, linear and logistic), and sample survey techniques. Students will analyze sample data sets to acquire knowledge of appropriate computer software. By the end of the course the successful student should have attained a sound understanding of these methods and a solid foundation for further study.

**FAQ**

**How much does it cost to take the course?**

Nothing! The course is free.

**When will assignments be due?**

The course is organized into weeks, and each week will have its own set of assignments. Students will be expected to complete their homework each week.

**Do I need any other materials to take the course?**

Nope, as long as you’ve got a Mac or PC, you’ll be ready to take the course.

**Will the course use any textbooks or software?**

Yes! We'll have free access to the book "Principles of Biostatistics" written by Marcello Pagano (one of the Professors) and Kimberlee Gauvreau.

In addition to the textbook, we'll use Stata (a piece of software for doing statistical analysis).

Thanks to our friends at Statacorp, we'll have free copies of Stata available for all students to use for the duration of the course (Mac and PC only).

**Do I need to watch the lectures live?**

No. You can watch the lectures at your leisure.

**Will certificates be awarded?**

Yes. Online learners who achieve a passing grade in a course can earn a certificate of achievement. These certificates will indicate you have successfully completed the course, but will not include a specific grade. Certificates will be issued by edX under the name of either HarvardX, MITx or BerkeleyX, designating the institution from which the course originated. For the courses in Fall 2012, honor code certificates will be free.

HarvardX requires individuals who enroll in its courses on edX to abide by the terms of the edX honor code : https://www.edx.org/edx-terms-service. HarvardX will take appropriate corrective action in response to violations of the edX honor code, which may include dismissal from the HarvardX course; revocation of any certificates received for the HarvardX course; or other remedies as circumstances warrant. No refunds will be issued in the case of corrective action for such violations. Enrollees who are taking HarvardX courses as part of another program will also be governed by the academic policies of those programs.

HarvardX pursues the science of learning. By registering as an online learner in an HX course, you will also participate in research about learning. Read our research statement : http://harvardx.harvard.edu/research-statement to learn more.

Harvard University and HarvardX are committed to maintaining a safe and healthy educational and work environment in which no member of the community is excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination or harassment in our program. All members of the HarvardX community are expected to abide by Harvard policies on nondiscrimination, including sexual harassment, and the edX Terms of Service. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact harvardx@harvard.edu and/or report your experience through the edX contact form : https://www.edx.org/contact-us.

Permutations and combinations. Using combinatorics to solve questions in probability. Permutations. Combinations. Counting 2. Example: Ways to arrange colors. Example: 9 card hands. Example: Ways to pick officers. Permutations. Combinations. Permutations and combinations. Example: Probability through counting outcomes. Example: All the ways you can flip a coin. Getting Exactly Two Heads (Combinatorics). Probability and Combinations (part 2). Probability using Combinations. Exactly Three Heads in Five Flips. Example: Different ways to pick officers. Example: Combinatorics and probability. Example: Lottery probability. Mega Millions Jackpot Probability. Generalizing with Binomial Coefficients (bit advanced). Conditional Probability and Combinations. Conditional Probability (Bayes Theorem) Visualized. Birthday Probability Problem. Probability with permutations and combinations. Permutations. Combinations. Counting 2. Example: Ways to arrange colors. Example: 9 card hands. Example: Ways to pick officers. Permutations. Combinations. Permutations and combinations. Example: Probability through counting outcomes. Example: All the ways you can flip a coin. Getting Exactly Two Heads (Combinatorics). Probability and Combinations (part 2). Probability using Combinations. Exactly Three Heads in Five Flips. Example: Different ways to pick officers. Example: Combinatorics and probability. Example: Lottery probability. Mega Millions Jackpot Probability. Generalizing with Binomial Coefficients (bit advanced). Conditional Probability and Combinations. Conditional Probability (Bayes Theorem) Visualized. Birthday Probability Problem. Probability with permutations and combinations.

Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Mean, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation. Statistics intro: mean, median and mode. Example: Finding mean, median and mode. Mean median and mode. Exploring Mean and Median Module. Exploring mean and median. Average word problems. Sample mean versus population mean.. Reading Box-and-Whisker Plots. Constructing a box-and-whisker plot. Box-and-Whisker Plots. Creating box and whisker plots. Example: Range and mid-range. Range, Variance and Standard Deviation as Measures of Dispersion. Variance of a population. Sample variance. Review and intuition why we divide by n-1 for the unbiased sample variance. Simulation showing bias in sample variance. Unbiased Estimate of Population Variance. Another simulation giving evidence that (n-1) gives us an unbiased estimate of variance. Simulation providing evidence that (n-1) gives us unbiased estimate. Will it converge towards -1?. Variance. Population standard deviation. Sample standard deviation and bias. Statistics: Standard Deviation. Exploring Standard Deviation 1 Module. Exploring standard deviation 1. Standard deviation. Statistics: Alternate Variance Formulas. Statistics: The Average. Statistics: Variance of a Population. Statistics: Sample Variance. Statistics intro: mean, median and mode. Example: Finding mean, median and mode. Mean median and mode. Exploring Mean and Median Module. Exploring mean and median. Average word problems. Sample mean versus population mean.. Reading Box-and-Whisker Plots. Constructing a box-and-whisker plot. Box-and-Whisker Plots. Creating box and whisker plots. Example: Range and mid-range. Range, Variance and Standard Deviation as Measures of Dispersion. Variance of a population. Sample variance. Review and intuition why we divide by n-1 for the unbiased sample variance. Simulation showing bias in sample variance. Unbiased Estimate of Population Variance. Another simulation giving evidence that (n-1) gives us an unbiased estimate of variance. Simulation providing evidence that (n-1) gives us unbiased estimate. Will it converge towards -1?. Variance. Population standard deviation. Sample standard deviation and bias. Statistics: Standard Deviation. Exploring Standard Deviation 1 Module. Exploring standard deviation 1. Standard deviation. Statistics: Alternate Variance Formulas. Statistics: The Average. Statistics: Variance of a Population. Statistics: Sample Variance.

Making inferences based on sample data. Confidence intervals. Margin of error. Hypothesis testing. Introduction to the Normal Distribution. Normal Distribution Excel Exercise. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Qualitative sense of normal distributions. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Empirical Rule. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: z-score. ck12.org Exercise: Standard Normal Distribution and the Empirical Rule. Empirical rule. ck12.org: More Empirical Rule and Z-score practice. Z scores 1. Z scores 2. Z scores 3. Central Limit Theorem. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean 2. Standard Error of the Mean. Sampling Distribution Example Problem. Confidence Interval 1. Confidence Interval Example. Small Sample Size Confidence Intervals. Mean and Variance of Bernoulli Distribution Example. Bernoulli Distribution Mean and Variance Formulas. Margin of Error 1. Margin of Error 2. Hypothesis Testing and P-values. One-Tailed and Two-Tailed Tests. Type 1 Errors. Z-statistics vs. T-statistics. Small Sample Hypothesis Test. T-Statistic Confidence Interval. Large Sample Proportion Hypothesis Testing. Variance of Differences of Random Variables. Difference of Sample Means Distribution. Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Clarification of Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Hypothesis Test for Difference of Means. Comparing Population Proportions 1. Comparing Population Proportions 2. Hypothesis Test Comparing Population Proportions. Chi-Square Distribution Introduction. Pearson's Chi Square Test (Goodness of Fit). Contingency Table Chi-Square Test. ANOVA 1 - Calculating SST (Total Sum of Squares). ANOVA 2 - Calculating SSW and SSB (Total Sum of Squares Within and Between).avi. ANOVA 3 -Hypothesis Test with F-Statistic. Introduction to the Normal Distribution. Normal Distribution Excel Exercise. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Qualitative sense of normal distributions. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: Empirical Rule. ck12.org Normal Distribution Problems: z-score. ck12.org Exercise: Standard Normal Distribution and the Empirical Rule. Empirical rule. ck12.org: More Empirical Rule and Z-score practice. Z scores 1. Z scores 2. Z scores 3. Central Limit Theorem. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean. Sampling Distribution of the Sample Mean 2. Standard Error of the Mean. Sampling Distribution Example Problem. Confidence Interval 1. Confidence Interval Example. Small Sample Size Confidence Intervals. Mean and Variance of Bernoulli Distribution Example. Bernoulli Distribution Mean and Variance Formulas. Margin of Error 1. Margin of Error 2. Hypothesis Testing and P-values. One-Tailed and Two-Tailed Tests. Type 1 Errors. Z-statistics vs. T-statistics. Small Sample Hypothesis Test. T-Statistic Confidence Interval. Large Sample Proportion Hypothesis Testing. Variance of Differences of Random Variables. Difference of Sample Means Distribution. Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Clarification of Confidence Interval of Difference of Means. Hypothesis Test for Difference of Means. Comparing Population Proportions 1. Comparing Population Proportions 2. Hypothesis Test Comparing Population Proportions. Chi-Square Distribution Introduction. Pearson's Chi Square Test (Goodness of Fit). Contingency Table Chi-Square Test. ANOVA 1 - Calculating SST (Total Sum of Squares). ANOVA 2 - Calculating SSW and SSB (Total Sum of Squares Within and Between).avi. ANOVA 3 -Hypothesis Test with F-Statistic.

Random variables. Expected value. Probability distributions (both discrete and continuous). Binomial distribution. Poisson processes. Random Variables. Discrete and continuous random variables. Probability Density Functions. Expected Value: E(X). Expected value. Law of Large Numbers. Term Life Insurance and Death Probability. Binomial Distribution 1. Binomial Distribution 2. Binomial Distribution 3. Binomial Distribution 4. Expected Value of Binomial Distribution. Galton Board Exploration. Poisson Process 1. Poisson Process 2. Random Variables. Discrete and continuous random variables. Probability Density Functions. Expected Value: E(X). Expected value. Law of Large Numbers. Term Life Insurance and Death Probability. Binomial Distribution 1. Binomial Distribution 2. Binomial Distribution 3. Binomial Distribution 4. Expected Value of Binomial Distribution. Galton Board Exploration. Poisson Process 1. Poisson Process 2.

Fitting a line to points. Linear regression. R-squared. Correlation and Causality. Fitting a Line to Data. Estimating the line of best fit exercise. Estimating the line of best fit. Squared Error of Regression Line. Proof (Part 1) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof Part 2 Minimizing Squared Error to Line. Proof (Part 3) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof (Part 4) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Regression Line Example. Second Regression Example. R-Squared or Coefficient of Determination. Calculating R-Squared. Covariance and the Regression Line. Correlation and Causality. Fitting a Line to Data. Estimating the line of best fit exercise. Estimating the line of best fit. Squared Error of Regression Line. Proof (Part 1) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof Part 2 Minimizing Squared Error to Line. Proof (Part 3) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Proof (Part 4) Minimizing Squared Error to Regression Line. Regression Line Example. Second Regression Example. R-Squared or Coefficient of Determination. Calculating R-Squared. Covariance and the Regression Line.

Introduction to probability. Independent and dependent events. Compound events. Mutual exclusive events. Addition rule for probability. Basic Probability. Probability space exercise example. Probability space. Example: Marbles from a bag. Example: Picking a non-blue marble. Example: Picking a yellow marble. Probability 1. Probability with Playing Cards and Venn Diagrams. Addition Rule for Probability. Compound Probability of Independent Events. Getting At Least One Heads. Example: Probability of rolling doubles. LeBron Asks: What are the chances of making 10 free throws in a row?. LeBron Asks: What are the chances of three free throws versus one three pointer?. Frequency Probability and Unfair Coins. Example: Getting two questions right on an exam. Example: Rolling even three times. Independent probability. Frequency Stability. Introduction to dependent probability. Example: Dependent probability. Example: Is an event independent or dependent?. Example: Bag of unfair coins. Dependent probability. Monty Hall Problem. Intersection and union of sets. Relative complement or difference between sets. Universal set and absolute complement. Subset, strict subset, and superset. Bringing the set operations together. Basic set notation. Probability (part 1). Probability (part 2). Probability (part 3). Probability (part 4). Probability (part 5). Probability (part 6). Probability (part 7). Probability (part 8). Introduction to Random Variables. Basic Probability. Probability space exercise example. Probability space. Example: Marbles from a bag. Example: Picking a non-blue marble. Example: Picking a yellow marble. Probability 1. Probability with Playing Cards and Venn Diagrams. Addition Rule for Probability. Compound Probability of Independent Events. Getting At Least One Heads. Example: Probability of rolling doubles. LeBron Asks: What are the chances of making 10 free throws in a row?. LeBron Asks: What are the chances of three free throws versus one three pointer?. Frequency Probability and Unfair Coins. Example: Getting two questions right on an exam. Example: Rolling even three times. Independent probability. Frequency Stability. Introduction to dependent probability. Example: Dependent probability. Example: Is an event independent or dependent?. Example: Bag of unfair coins. Dependent probability. Monty Hall Problem. Intersection and union of sets. Relative complement or difference between sets. Universal set and absolute complement. Subset, strict subset, and superset. Bringing the set operations together. Basic set notation. Probability (part 1). Probability (part 2). Probability (part 3). Probability (part 4). Probability (part 5). Probability (part 6). Probability (part 7). Probability (part 8). Introduction to Random Variables.

Learn how to model social and economic networks and their impact on human behavior. How do networks form, why do they exhibit certain patterns, and how does their structure impact diffusion, learning, and other behaviors? We will bring together models and techniques from economics, sociology, math, physics, statistics and computer science to answer these questions.

ALISON.com's free online Diploma in Mathematics course gives you comprehensive knowledge and understanding of key subjects in mathematics. This course covers calculus, geometry, algebra, trigonometry, functions, vectors, data distributions, probability and probability and statistics. Math qualifications are in great demand from employers and this math course will greatly enhance your career prospects.<br />

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